Estimation of Traffic Platoon Structure from Headway Statistics
J.S. Baras, A.J. Dorsey and W.S. Levine
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, AC-24, No. 4, pp. 553-559, August 1979.
This paper deals first with the modeling of urban traffic headway statistics. It is shown that a composite distribution based on the convex combination of a lognormal and a shifted exponential distribution gives a good fit to observed traffic data. This statistical model is then used to generate a model for the formation and passage of "platoons" of vehicles. It is shown that the problem of estimating the time at which a "platoon" passes a detector, as well as the number of vehicles in the "platoon" corresponds to the point process disorder problem. An optimal estimator for the platoon size and passage time, based on detector data, is then derived via known results for the point process disorder problem. It is shown that the computations required for this estimator can be performed in a microprocessor . Furthermore, the estimator is tested against the UTCS-1 traffic simulator and performs very well. Parameter sensitivity analysis of the estimator is presented. Finally, the use of these results to implrove the filter/predictor described in a companion paper, and vice versa, is explained.