Ph.D. Dissertation Defense: Kelsey Dutta

Wednesday, December 7, 2022
2:00 p.m.
AVW 1146
Emily Irwin
301 405 0680
eirwin@umd.edu

ANNOUNCEMENT:  Ph.D. Defense

Name: Kelsey Dutta

Committee:
Prof. Shihab Shamma, Chair/Advisor
Prof. Behtash Babadi
Prof. Jonathan Z. Simon
Prof. Nikolas Francis
Prof. Matthew Goupell, Dean’s Representative

Date/Time:  Wednesday, December 7, 2022 at 2-4 PM

Location: AVW1146

Title:  AUDITORY BINDING AND SEGREGATION IN THE FERRET AUDITORY CORTEX

Abstract: Auditory streaming and perceptual binding are functions performed by the auditory brain rapidly and without conscious effort. They are fundamental for how we analyze and understand the sound environment including the perception of speech and ability to attend to one speaker while ignoring background noise. Recent work has suggested that temporal coherence of frequency components is a key cue which causes the brain to group those channels together and perceive an auditory stream corresponding to a single sound source. Coherent frequency inputs will lead to coherent neuronal firing, and we hypothesize that such neurons will demonstrate reciprocal enhancement of firing rate or suppression of responses to incoherent channels. This dissertation examines neuronal activity from the auditory cortex of ferrets in order to better understand the role of temporal coherence in formation of auditory streams. One experiment examines the role of temporal coherence on stream formation in a selective attention task paradigm, and the other uses a stochastic figure-ground stimulus to examine neural correlates of a perceptual “pop-out” effect during passive listening. A third project develops a biophysically plausible model for a pitch-processing neuron in the early auditory system.

Audience: Graduate  Faculty 

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