Credits: 3

Semesters Offered

Spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020, Spring 2021, Spring 2022

Learning Objectives

  • Apply key concepts in E&M and basic analog circuits, introduced earlier in the electrical engineering curricula.
  • Analyze, design and optimize using theory presented in class. Use computer-aided design tools such as SIMION, Maxwell, HFSS, circuit simulators, Autodesk, Solidworks to confirm basic analytical predictions.
  • Understand how accelerator physics influences the design of various subsystems in a cyclotron.
  • After selecting an appropriate design problem, partition and distribute design tasks within each team.
  • Student groups will communicate to the class both mid-semester preliminary design problems as well as final projects results.

Topics Covered

  • Introduction, history and motivation
  • Charged particles in electromagnetic fields
  • Magnet design, such as dipoles, quadrupoles, high order
  • Magnetic measurements using automated multi-dimensional field mappers
  • Orbit theory and analysis
    • Determining emittance εx, y, twiss parameters α, β, γ
    • Resonances


  • Particle acceleration
    • DC, RF, Induction
    • Phase stability


  • Focusing Schemes
    • Weak focusing
    • Alternating-Gradient (Strong) focusing
    • Azimuthally Varying Focusing (AVF)
  • Radio Frequency (RF) systems
  • Beam sources, ion sources and e-guns
  • Diagnostics and controls
  • Beam measurements, extraction and beam transport to target
  • Research and development in the field of accelerators
  • Applications
    • PBRT (Proton Beam Radiation Therapy)
    • HEP (High Energy Physics)
    • Industry
    • Material science
    • Dose calculations
  • Final presentation of projects